Knowing how to change a flat tire is one of the most essential maintenance procedures that all drivers should know. To change a tire, you need the following equipment: jack, lug wrench, fully inflated spare tire, and your vehicle’s owner’s manual. All of these items should have come with your car.
Along with those items, it is also recommended that you keep a flashlight, rain poncho, a 2×6-inch piece of wood, gloves, and wheel wedges in your car for when you do need to change your tire.
Follow these steps.
- Move to a safe spot. Get out of traffic and find an open area that is as close to flat as you can get. Make sure you turn on your hazard lights and apply the parking brake.
- Prepare the wheel. Put the wheel wedges in front of or behind your wheel to prevent your car from rolling. You will then remove the hubcap and loosen the lug nuts.
- Use the jack. Place the jack next to the flat tire. Put the piece of wood under the jack to make it more secure. Raise your vehicle until the flat tire is six inches off the ground.
- Remove the lug nuts.
- Remove the tire.
- Put on the spare tire.
- Tighten the lug nuts by hand.
- Lower the vehicle. Use the jack to lower the vehicle until it just touches the ground. Then, tighten the lug nuts as tight as you can with the wrench.
- Lower the vehicle completely.
- Put away all your equipment.
If you have had a flat and need a new tire, come visit us at Larry Jay Mitsubishi.
When you think about the most important safety features on your car, you might think of your traction control, brakes, or even airbags. However, these features are nearly useless without your tires. That is why it is important to take good care of your tires. And, the simplest way to do that is by making sure they have the right air pressure.
Here are five things you need to know about tire pressure.
- Tire pressure measures the amount of air in your tires. Too much or too little air can cause undue stress on your tires making them wear out sooner than they should.
- Proper tire pressure is important. Not only does it prolong the life of your tires, but it keeps your fuel efficiency where it should be and helps prevent tire emergencies, like blow-outs.
- Your tire pressure decreases over time because of things like air slowly leaking through the rubber compound, an actual puncture in the tire, leaking valve stems, and impacts, like running into the curb.
- To check your air pressure, you will need a pressure gauge. Unscrew the cap on the valve stem and touch the pressure gauge to the stem until you hear a stream of air. Quickly remove the gauge and read the pressure. Repeat to ensure accuracy.
- Adding air to your tires is simple. Most gas stations have air pumps. The correct pressure should be indicated on your tire’s sidewall. Add air until all tires are properly inflated.
If you have any questions about your tires, stop by Larry Jay Mitsubishi and we’ll inspect them for you.
Spring is just a few weeks away. This means, it is time to shake off the last residue of winter and get your car ready for spring. Here are five simple steps to follow to get you prepared for the season ahead.
- Wash your car. Winter can leave a layer of grime and salt all over your car. Give it a thorough wash, including the underbody, to help prevent corrosion.
- Replace your wiper blades. Your wiper blades have spent months working hard to keep your windshield clear of frost, ice, and snow. This can make them dry and brittle. Your wiper blades should be switched out about every six months. If your blades are leaving streaks or stuttering, it’s time to change them.
- Check your tire pressure. Give your tires a good inspection. If you switched them out for winter grade tires, put your all season tires back on. Make sure your tires are properly inflated and check the tread depth. Look for signs of cracking and other extreme wear.
- Top off fluids. Check your fluid levels and make sure everything is where it needs to be.
- Change your oil. Start off the spring with fresh oil.
If you need help getting your car ready for spring, schedule an appointment with us here at Larry Jay Mitsubishi.
As a car owner, you’ve undoubtedly heard about wheel alignment. You’ve probably agreed to have your wheels aligned upon a mechanic’s recommendation, if nothing else. Wheel alignment is an important part of maintenance. It helps your tires to last longer by ensuring that they get even wear on their tread. This helps them grip the road better, and in turn keeps you and your passengers safe.
Some people, however, like to tweak their alignment for performance purposes. When this is the case, they start to get into the details about alignment, which includes three elements: camber, caster and toe. Here we’ll look at camber, what it is and how that affects performance.
Camber refers to the angle of a car’s wheel in relation to the surface of the road. It’s a measurement in degrees that explains whether the wheel is tilted inwards towards the fender wells, our outward away from them, and by how much. A 0º camber would mean that the tire is perfectly perpendicular to the ground. A negative camber means that the top of the tire tilts in, where a positive camber means that it tilts out.
Negative cambers are popular among drivers who like a thrilling performance. With negative camber, the tires grip the road better during tight corners. However, it doesn’t offer a strong grip on normal roads. For most people, a neutral camber is the best and safest bet for everyday driving.
To schedule your wheel alignment, contact Larry Jay Mitsubish!
Car batteries die for a number of different reasons. You may have left your accessories like headlights or the radio on while the car wasn’t running, left your car in storage without starting it for a long period of time, didn’t keep up with battery maintenance, or it might just be cold. How do you deal with a dead car battery? Here’s what to do.
Call Somebody: Whether it’s your roadside assistance service, a family member or friend, or a local towing service, there is someone in the vicinity who can come help you in your time of need. Keep in mind if you call a towing place, however, that they’ll need to charge your vehicle at their headquarters, so they’ll need to tow your car.
Jump Your Car: Whether you’re doing this with a friend or someone else, it’s easy to jump your car. You simply need jumper cables and two vehicles – the car with the dead battery and a “rescue” car. Park both vehicles nose to nose and attach the jumper cables to the positive and negative battery terminals, and turn on the ignition of the rescue car, allowing it to charge your dead battery.
Use a Charger: Having an AC Charger handy when your battery dies or is weak allows you to charge your vehicle’s battery without having to enlist the help of someone who can jump it.
A dead car battery is a frustrating emergency, but preparing – or at least knowing what to do in advance – can be a big help in a pinch.
Is it December already? As temperatures drop, you might want to take the time to get some winter car prep time before the freezing temperatures of January and February move in. Extreme cold can have a big impact on the inner-workings of your vehicle, so it’s best to be prepared.
Check Your Fluids
It’s best to have your vehicle in top working conditions during the colder months so you have one less thing to worry about. Keep your gas above half a tank, top off your oil, keep an eye on your coolant, and next time you get your car serviced…
Switch to Winter-Grade Oil and Wiper Fluid
As part of your fluids check, you should definitely switch over your oil and windshield wiper fluid. Winter-grade oil will be more effective in freezing temperatures, and the wiper fluid you use year-round might freeze on your windshield in extreme conditions.
Gauge Tread Depth and Tire Pressure
Having good grip between your tires and the road is crucial in hazardous road conditions. Cold also makes tires deflate faster, so keep on top of your tire pressure.
Pack a Winter Emergency Kit
Accidents still happen even if you stay on top of maintenance and do everything right. In those cases, you should have things like blankets, water bottles, a flashlight, and other emergency supplies packed and in your trunk.
Winter car prep will help you and your vehicle get through the cold winter months easier and safer than ever.
When your transmission is having problems, it’s important to get it checked out as soon as possible. Without it, your car won’t start, so learn to recognize these signs of a bad transmission so you can catch problems early.
The biggest sign of transmission trouble is leaking fluid. Transmission fluid doesn’t get used up like engine oil, so running low on transmission fluid is a sign of something wrong. If you notice low fluid levels or think your transmission is leaking (you’ll see red, tart-smelling fluid on the ground), get to a mechanic or your dealership for repairs.
An easy way to spot transmission issues is smelling it. Usually tart-smelling, transmission fluid eventually starts to smell like it’s burning, which is when you need to get a fluid change. If you let the transmission fluid go like this, it could lead to your transmission burning up and needing to be replaced.
Depending on whether you have a manual or automatic transmission, you’ll hear different danger sounds. Manuals grind when you switch gears, while automatics have whining or buzzing sounds along with shaking when the car switches gears.
The alternator is one of the most important parts of your car, since it’s the part that generates electricity to keep your battery charged as you drive. If you’ve ever wondered how they do this, we here at Larry Jay Mitsubishi have created a brief guide on how alternators work.
Alternators contain several parts, including a rotor, a stator, a rectifier assembly, and a set of brushes that maintain contact with the rotor, all of which are housed inside an aluminum casing. There’s also a pulley outside the casing.
The word alternator comes from the phrase alternating current. The rotor and stator work together to produce electromagnetic power, which is then sent to the battery. The engine rotates the alternator pulley, which causes the rotor to spin past wire coils that are part of the stator. This produces alternating currents in the rotor and stator. The electricity from this is funneled through stator leads to the rectifier diodes, which send the current in the proper direction.
Alternators also require a voltage regulator that determines the amount of voltage that goes into the engine, since too much can damage it. This isn’t everything there is to know about the alternator, so read up if you’re interested!
As you gaze out into the hot summer from your cool and comfortable car, take a few minutes to say thank you to your air conditioning. We know you don’t want your A/C to fail, so here are a few tips on how to take care of your car’s A/C.
- Turn it on. This is the simplest way to prolong the life of your air conditioner. Simply by using it, you are keeping the compressor in good working order. Auto experts recommend you turn on your air conditioning on its coldest setting for 10 minutes every week—even in the winter. Not only will this keep the parts working, but it will help clear out any excess moisture from your car’s vents.
- Have it serviced. Usually every two years, your air conditioner will need a refresh—which entails re-gassing and cleaning up the system.
- Give it a break. While using your A/C will keep it working, using it too much may cause it to break down. Try relying more on the fan speed instead of a colder temperature to keep you cool. If it’s blazingly hot and you’re trying to turn your car into a freezer, you are making your car work really hard.
If you think your car’s air conditioning might need a bit of a pick-me-up, give the service department at Larry Jay Mitsubishi a call and we’ll make sure you stay cool this summer.